A unique place preserving the historical traces, and which still captivates with its beauty, is located at the entrance to the Djerdap Gorge. It is a monumental, quiet and imposing fortress Golubac Castle. On a first glimpse to this fortification, which currently encompasses the nature reserve with the same name, the visitors’ center and the archaeological park, the spirit of history is felt, whose unpredictable choirs leave outstanding places like this. For the first time in the written records, the Golubac fortress was mentioned in 1335, as the fortress occupied by the the Hungarian army, which means it was founded at the end of the 13th or the beginning of the 14th century.
The unpredictable will of history
Although it has never been determined whether it was built by Serbs or Hungarians, it is clear that it was planned due to military-strategic importance for the city. From here, it was easy to control all the land and waterways, which connected the east and west, and in addition, the steep and inaccessible cliffs on which the fortress was built, and the river itself, were natural protection. Due to this position, during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Hungarians, the Serbs, and the Ottomans had great interest in conquering the Golubac fortress, as they would gained control and power over the state border.
In order to understand the significance of this fortress, which was despised by the despot Stefan Lazerevic around 1410 on the administration of the Hungarian king Zigmund, it is important to understand that the fortress, in the centuries to came, was the site of large historical events involving half of Europe. The scene of conflict and defense, as well as the interests of various powers over time, has created what constitutes today’s dignity of Golubac Fortress, a site that preserves the traces of the European past.
When nature takes the prime
The only competitor in creation that transcends human imagination is nature. And this is another face of this complex that attracts numerous visitors. Natural Reserve Golubac Fortress is located at the entrance to the Djerdap Gorge, which is also the first and entrance point of the National Park Djerdap, a unique area in Europe for its natural, historical, archaeological, and ethnographic beauties located along the Danube bank, in length about 120 km from Golubac fortress to Kladovo. The value of the reserve Golubac Fortress lays in the existence of very rare, endemic and relict plant communities and species, such as low and high lizards of grapes, grapes and ash, fragments of thermophilic oaks forests and beech forests with walnuts. The reserve occupies a space of 23.04 ha and is located directly on the slopes above and around the Golubac Fortress – a cultural property of exceptional importance.
The Archaeological Park of the Tourist Complex ” Golubac Castle Fortress” includes the discovered architectural remains from different periods of human history. The park occupies space in front of the same fortress, also known as the West suburb, and together with the fortress itself makes a real open-air museum. Such sites are rare and valuable to the heritage they preserve. In the archaeological park you can see a building from Roman period – a Roman house, a medieval lime and a hamam-Turkish bath, while the movable findings are part of the permanent setting of the “Panorama Centuries” in the Visitors Center.
In order to make the most from the visit, in the Visitors Center, in addition to basic information and cafeteria, you can also visit the permanent exhibition “Suburb of the Golubac Fortress – panorama of the centuries”, which presents the discovery of the unknown history of the suburbs of the fortress so far.
Latest archaeological research has determined that the area in front of the fortress has been settled from the end of the Bronze, and during the older Iron Age, until the beginning of the XIX century. In this way, the circuit visit is completed. The visit to this complex satisfies, and in some cases even exceeds the expectations of visitors from wherever they come. There are rare places with direct dialogue of the past and present, history and culture, nature and heritage. The Golubac fortress is a timeless place filled with beauty that is felt with soul and intellect.