Archaeological park Viminacium ushers its visitors into a long-gone era of the Roman Empire, which has never ceased captivating scientists, inspiring artists and spurring the imagination of the common man
In the heart of Serbia, just twelve kilometres from Požarevac, lies Viminacium, the archaeological site which, when it was discovered, immediately grabbed the attention of global scientific and cultural communities. Officially opened a little over ten years ago, Viminacium represents the remnants of a Roman city and military camp. This unique site of the world heritage takes its visitors back to ancient past, into the first century A. D., when Viminacium was established as the most significant legion city on the Danube. It persisted for six long centuries and through its history, became the capital of Upper Moesia, the Roman province that encompassed a part of Serbia.
Today, this is a popular archaeological site, comprising a tavern designed exactly to meet the needs of tourists – a mandatory stop for all those who wish to use their ideal short trip, or escape from the city, to learn something new, get educated and treat themselves to a cultural experience par excellence.
This truly is such a place, since numerous Roman rulers, including Hadrian and Justinian, left their mark on Viminacium; for a while, it was the seat of an episcopal see. A visitor from modern times visiting the archaeological park will encounter the following:
- North Main Gate of the legion camp (Porta Praetoria)
- Roman Thermal Bath
- Roman Amphitheatre
- Mausoleum, which is most likely the grave of the Roman Emperor Hostilian
- The Mammoth Park
- Domvs Scientiarvm Viminacium / Scientific-research and tourist centre
- Trade centre with ovens for ceramics and bricks
The park is somewhat of a historical treasury, it showcases the clues on how the powerful system of the Roman Empire functioned. But it is not just that.
Viminacium, with all the artefacts that were recovered in this location, paints a faithful image of the private life in a time long passed. This is an important alternative way of looking at something from such a vast time distance. Exhibitions that have travelled throughout many parts of the world presented the artefacts, such as coins, burial objects, objects for every-day use, which provide a more detailed insight into the everyday lives of the period.
Streets, squares, temples, theatres, necropolises – all the building blocks of the private and public lives of Viminacium, concealed underground for centuries, have attracted scientists of various fields – mathematicians, geophysicists, geologists, archaeologists. The discovery of this vast treasure is invaluable for both the global heritage, but for our heritage too.