Every new generation that reveals Franz Kafka’s work remains under the impression of the unpleasant reality of his novels. Kafka suffers new interpretations, brilliant and completely wrong, remaining what he truly is. The literary genius with immeasurable influence on everything that came after him.
Josef K. was convinced that the day that he was arrested nothing unforeseen would not have happened if he had followed his daily routine. That everything was going on in the order determined from the very morning, and he kept that conviction until he completely lost control of the events. The roman “The Trial” is a masterpiece of the world literature, and with the short story “Transformation” and the novel “The Castle” is one of the most important works of the great Franz Kafka. The writer whose creativity has never been explained to the end. If something is theoretically possible since large works are open to new analyzes without losing what makes them exceptional.
Franz Kafka is a unique phenomenon in world literature. Most generally speaking, it belongs to the central stream of European modernism, the avant-garde that marked the first decades of the 20th century. Born Jew, in Prague on July 3, 1883. He spoke the Czech language, but he wrote the prose in German.
He was studying law and working in an insurance company, which creates a certain link with his characters, and he began writing prose very early. Primarily short stories. Kafka considered his writing to be a genuine call and separated him from the everyday job that ensured his existence. There was not much work left behind him. Inexplicable and in many ways unattainable, Franz Kafka remained inconceivable, enigmatic just like the works he left behind himself.
Although he made an immeasurable influence on the literature that was created decades later, on film art and painting, Kafka demanded that his work be burned after his death. Luckily, Max Brod, his friend, and publisher, otherwise a writer and composer, did not accept and realized Kafka’s request. Roman “America” was printed after his death. Franz Kafka died young on June 3rd, 1924, in a small town near Vienna. He was only forty years old.
The enigmatic energy of Kafka’s creation lies in the very atmosphere of his stories and novels. In the breakthrough of surreal in everyday life. However, this unusual, illogical and irrational is not recognized as such but already integrated into reality. A man wakes up and becomes imprisoned without guilt or awakens like an insect. Franz Kafka’s literary world is the world of nightmares, discomfort, illogicality. He is terrifying and appealing, grotesque and disturbing. Hence, such terms as “Kafka Magical Realism” and the well-known “Kafkian atmosphere” were insisted by the existentialists, Kafka’s contemporaries Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre. Why magical realism?
Kafka, although a shy and imprisoned man whose true character was known to him only by close people like Max Brod, describing him as a fun and intelligent man, was the master of a realistic narrative. His sense of suggestive detailed description, for mapping space, is simply unexcelled. Magically refers to the fitting of the illogical into the logical, to the masking of the surrealist and its unequivocal acceptance. The Kafkian atmosphere is the atmosphere of small apartments, remote streets, and squares, unusual claustrophobic spaces that pressure their own presence.
It is a world filled with judges, industrialists, workers, politicians, bureaucrats, and fathers. A part of the analysts of Kafka’s work considers his problematic relationship with his father very important for understanding the novels and stories he left behind. It is believed that his father’s unshakable authority stands at the entrance to the labyrinth of Kafka’s literature. And when a reader once goes down into their unpredictable abyss he will never stop. Until the final solution that geniuses like Kafka always left open.
Many critics insist on alienation as a key concept for understanding Kafka’s literature. On the infirmity of a man who falls through the abyss of the bureaucratic world that ultimately swallows him. It should never be forgotten that these interpretations occurred during the time of irreconcilable polarization of the world to the East and the West, at the time of the birth of a scary bureaucratic world that was truly ruthless, at the time of the rise of the philosophy of existentialism (Camus, Sartre) to which Kafka was greatly influenced. And the above interpretations are not wrong. Modernity has brought alienation, the notion of absurd obsessions of those decades of the last century, but Kafka is irreducible to it. Understanding Kafka is much more than a lamentation over people who have lost their modernity from their very essence and beauty of life. Kafka in operation puts the dark side of nature, it is played by instincts and instincts, personal and collective mechanisms. What is intimate and what is official.
In Kafka’s world, a man is tortured, humiliated, mistreated by the society to which he belongs. And of their his family. The Kafka’s main character is ashamed, in front of him, in front of his body, in front of his emotions. In the game, not only is the cruelty of the ruling and the unpleasant world. The world is never comfortable. The system is never too empathetic. The world from Kafka’s perspective is perceived by the eyes of characters who struggle with their own emotions, fears, inhibition, and the sense of guilt that has particularly intrigued interpretations based on psychology. In all this, the universality of his work is visible, the popularity that wasn’t covered by the time, because such a thing with great art is never possible, the fact that every new generation discovers Kafka and once he realizes it, he never gives up on him.